Afghanistan War Commission and Building Bridges with Pakistan: Implications of the Appointment of Shamila N. Chaudhary

Ahmad Fawad Arsala


Afghanistan War Commission and Building Bridges with Pakistan: Implications of the Appointment of Shamila N. Chaudhary


In a significant move, Congress has established The Afghanistan War Commission, tasked with a comprehensive examination of the critical strategic, diplomatic, and operational decisions related to the war in Afghanistan. This commission is expected to scrutinize decisions, assessments, and events that not only occurred during the war but also those that preceded it. The commission’s mandate is broad and ambitious, aiming to provide a thorough analysis that will inform future policy and strategic decisions.

However, the appointment of Shamila N. Chaudhary, the president of the American Pakistan Foundation (APF) and a known Pakistan lobbyist, as a co-chair of the commission, has sparked considerable debate and concern. Chaudhary’s professional background and affiliations raise questions about the impartiality and direction of the commission’s findings and recommendations.

The Mandate of the Afghanistan War Commission

The commission’s directive is clear: to investigate the multifaceted dimensions of U.S. involvement in Afghanistan. This includes examining the efficacy of strategic decisions, the diplomatic engagements that framed international relations, and the operational tactics employed on the ground. By delving into these areas, the commission seeks to uncover lessons that could prevent future missteps in U.S. foreign policy and military strategy.

The Controversy Surrounding Shamila N. Chaudhary

Shamila N. Chaudhary’s role as co-chair is contentious due to her history as a Pakistan lobbyist. Critics argue that her appointment could bias the commission’s work, particularly in ways that might favor Pakistan’s narrative and interests. Given the complex and often adversarial relationship between Afghanistan and Pakistan, such a perspective could significantly influence the commission’s conclusions.

Pakistan’s Involvement in the Afghanistan Conflict

Pakistan’s role in the Afghanistan conflict has been a subject of intense scrutiny and debate. Accusations of Pakistan providing safe havens for Taliban fighters and its involvement in the internal affairs of Afghanistan have been persistent. The strategic interests of Pakistan in Afghanistan are multifaceted, involving security, political influence, and regional stability.

Pakistan’s Impact on U.S. Operations and Decisions During the War in Afghanistan

Pakistan’s strategic interests significantly impacted U.S. strategy and decision-making during the war. These interests included opposing a strong and robust Afghan military, controlling the U.S. supply line transportation through the Karachi port, employing the “good Taliban, bad Taliban” tactics, Using war on terror funds to purchase naval assets, and even the denial of Usama Ben Laden living in Pakistan. These factors complicated U.S. operations and had profound implications on the overall conduct and outcome of the war.

Potential Bias in the Commission’s Work

With Chaudhary’s appointment, there is a concern that the commission might not fully address Pakistan’s controversial role in the conflict. Instead, the final report and recommendations could potentially be skewed to protect or downplay Pakistan’s actions and influence. This perceived bias could undermine the credibility of the commission and its findings, making it difficult to achieve the objective, balanced analysis that is needed.

Safeguarding Integrity and Objectivity

For the Afghanistan War Commission to be effective and credible, it is essential that it maintains a rigorous standard of objectivity. This means ensuring that all voices and perspectives, including those critical of Pakistan’s role, are heard and considered. The commission’s work must be transparent, with a commitment to uncovering the truth, regardless of how uncomfortable it might be for certain stakeholders.

The Path Forward

As the commission begins its work, the appointment of Shamila N. Chaudhary will remain a focal point of scrutiny. It is imperative for the commission to demonstrate through its actions and findings that it is dedicated to an unbiased examination of the war in Afghanistan. The integrity of this process is crucial for the lessons and recommendations it will produce, which could shape future U.S. foreign policy and military strategies.


While the Afghanistan War Commission has a critical role to play in dissecting the complexities of the war, the selection of its members, particularly those with potential conflicts of interest, will heavily influence its credibility and effectiveness. It is essential for the commission to uphold the highest standards of impartiality to ensure its work contributes meaningfully to understanding and learning from the U.S. involvement in Afghanistan.

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